Canadian History

Although we are dismissed by the media as being motivated purely by “hate” and “xenophobia”, the ideas of the Council of European Canadians are entirely in conformity with Canadian history. Professor Ricardo Duchesne proved in his book Canada in Decay: Mass Immigration, Diversity, and the Ethnocide of Euro-Canadians that the oft-repeated slogan “Canada was founded by immigrants” is another piece of Cultural Marxist fiction. In fact, Canada was founded by hard working Christian French, English, British Isles (Irish and Scottish), Acadian, and more broadly speaking European settlers who had high birth rates and left the country they built as an endowment for their descendants: us.

This section of our website is meant to redpill Canadians on the truth about our history, a glorious history worth being proud of and teaching to your children and grandchildren. We hope that your curiosity is sparked, and if so, we encourage you to check out our Canadian History recommended reading list at the bottom.

New France: A people born of the soil

Mont Royal Cross | Mount royal, Montreal quebec, Montreal
Mont Royal Cross in Montréal, a symbol of the European Catholics who carved Québec from the wilderness.

When you walk through the city of Montréal today and see the towering statues of historical figures, the ornately decorated heritage buildings, the ancient stone cathedrals and the beautiful Mont Royal Cross, you almost feel as though you’re in Europe. This is because Québec was founded by hardy explorers and settlers from France, particularly Normandy, who replicated the best of French traditions and created many unique cultural innovations of their own found nowhere else in North America or the world.

The Québecois were a people created in the soil along the edges of the St. Lawrence in the 1600s. It is normal today to meet Québecois who can trace their North American lineage back more than 20 generations. For two centuries, from 1670 to 1850, the Québecois had the highest fertility in the West. Samuel de Champlain founded the first settlement in 1608, and after twenty years, there were still only 65 colonists. Louis XIV sent 800 “Filles du Roi” to remedy the low population, and the colony quickly grew to 70,000 by the time of the English conquest in 1763. From the 1660s until the 1800s, New France had a fertility rate of 5.6 surviving children per woman. During this period, there was very little immigration. In fact, most ethnic Québecois today are descended from the Filles du Roi. In the words of a Canadian textbook from the 1970s, before the advent of political correctness: “The population of New France… was almost wholly a native-born population and distinctly Canadien“.

New France was a traditional, Christian, and authentically Canadien colony until the Cultural Revolution in the 1960s. The habitants, tenant farmers labouring for the seigneurs, enjoyed considerably more rights than their peasant counterparts in France, and had a good standard of living. They worked hard in the fields but had a varied diet consisting of cabbage, carrots, celery, beans, lettuce, and fresh bread and meat. Most houses owned their own oven for baking bread, cows which provided milk and butter, chickens for meat and eggs, and pigs. The nearby forests abounded in wild berries to harvest and wild animals to hunt. Some of the sons of the habitants felt the mysterious forests on the edge of their homesteads beckoning to them, and became the voyageurs, enterprising and risk-taking fur traders. Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, known as La Vérendrye, explored the interior of the continent, becoming the first European to reach the upper Missouri River. Two of his sons were the first Europeans to see the majestic Rocky Mountains.

The Acadians: A people found nowhere else on earth

Acadian Genealogy Homepage; Claude T. Picard; Acadian ...
Acadians married in their twenties and had about ten kids each; as a result, their population multiplied 30 times over

The Acadians are another Euro-Canadian people born of the soil, founding the province Nova Scotia through their love of big families. Settling in Nova Scotia in the mid-1600s, then the maritime part of New France, they tended to marry in their early twenties and have about ten or eleven children. In 1686, the Acadians numbered about 800. By 1710, this had grown to 2000. Without any more French immigration, their population multiplied nearly 30 times between 1611 and 1755. In 1755, they had grown to 13,000 inhabitants!

During the French and Indian War, the Acadians resolutely refused to give a pledge of loyalty to the British rulers who had conquered Acadia. From 1755-1762, most Acadians were expelled. In 1764, some 3,000 were allowed back to Nova Scotia, where they grew to 4,000 by 1800 through their high birth rates. In New Brunswick, a territory carved out of Nova Scotia in 1884, there was a population of 4,000 Acadians in the 1880s, a result of high birth rates rather than the return of more exiles.

The original Acadian settlers were not immigrants, but rather a people born in the soil of of Acadia with unique customs and significantly different speech patterns than the Québecois. They settled in a harsh environment, having to harvest salt from the salt marshes, clear forests, and build dykes to reclaim land from the Bay of Fundy’s tides. Despite all of this, they had a higher standard of living than the large majority of French peasants and a noble, independent spirit. Having survived the Acadian expulsion, their descendants number more than 11,000 in Nova Scotia and 25,000 in New Brunswick. The Acadians are alive and well, concentrated in the northeastern shore of New Brunswick (known as the Acadian Peninsula), Edmunston (NB), Clare County (Nova Scotia), Chéticamp in Cape Breton, the Evangeline region of Prince Edward Island and Îles de la Madeleine in Quebec. Many homes in Acadian communities are decorated with the red, white and blue Acadian flag.

Upper Canada and the Maritimes: British settlers, not diverse immigrants

history timeline meaghan hindle | Timetoast timelines
The Loyalists founded Euro-Canadian societies in Ontario and the Maritimes

Today’s historians project the modern diversity ideology into the past. Standard Canadian history textbooks read by university students today claim that the founders of Ontario and the Maritimes came from “many different ethnic backgrounds” and that the Loyalists were “quite a disparate group”. In reality, the Loyalists were thoroughly British in ethnicity and culture, and are better characterized as “internal migrants” since they moved from British colonies to territories claimed by Britain: Ontario, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Cape Breton and Prince Edward Island. They moved between regions within the British Empire rather than between countries. The Loyalists were long established British settlers born in the British Empire’s American colonies, not immigrants.

As respected academic Carl Berger has shown in his work The Sense of Power: Studies in the Ideas of Canadian Imperialism, the Loyalists nurtured an “indigenous British Canadian feeling”. This strong British Canadian identity led the Loyalists and their descendants to establish thoroughly culturally British colonies in Upper Canada and the Maritimes. From 1763, the year of the arrival of the Loyalists, until 1815, the overwhelming number of settlers coming to Canada were from the British Isles. Mostly from Ireland and the Scottish Highlands, they arrived in British Canada and were Anglicized. The Maple Leaf Forever, our old national anthem, sings lyrically of the union of the descendants of the British Isles in Canada: “The thistle, shamrock, rose entwine”. After all, the Irish, Scots, and English have a common genetic background of certain Celtic groups, Anglo-Saxons, and some Viking blood. From 1815 to Confederation in 1867, the overwhelming majority of settlers were still from the British Isles. As historian J.M.S Careless put it in his book Canada: A Story of Challenge (1959): “they made the North American colonies more British than they had ever been before”.

The situation was much the same in the Maritime provinces. Multicultural historians are arguing today that the Maritimes have always been diverse, but the truth is that these provinces too were founded by Euro-Canadian pioneers and settlers. The Acadians were the original founders of Nova Scotia. After their expulsion in the mid-1750s and the arrival of Germans, British Americans, and New England “Planters”, the land that became Nova Scotia (leaving aside the part that was split off to create New Brunswick) was home to English, Irish, Scottish, American, German, and Acadian settlers. 40,000 Scots arrived between 1815 and 1838. This is a high number, but most of Nova Scotia’s population growth was actually due to their domestic birth rate. The population was 68,000 in 1806, 120,000 in 1825, 168,000 in 1831, 277,000 in 1851, and 331,000 in 1861. A census taken in 1871 showed that 98% of Nova Scotia was white, and most born in Nova Scotia.

When New Brunswick was partitioned from Nova Scotia in 1784, the population consisted mainly of Acadians dispersed from the expulsion and of Loyalists. New Brunswick’s population grew from 35,000 in 1806, to 94,000 in 1831, to 194,000 in 1851. Between 1842 and 1848, 38,000 Irish arrived, becoming the major ethnic group (35.3%) followed by the English (29.2%) and French Acadians (15.7%). A census taken in 1871 showed that Prince Edward Island was 99% white, mainly Scots, English, Irish, and Acadians. In Newfoundland, a small nucleus of English settlers had come to number 2000 by 1680 and 2300 by 1730. These initial settlers were joined by several thousand Irish arrivals. Significant migration to Newfoundland actually ended just as the Great Migration of the 1830s to British North America began. Population growth after the 1830s was largely driven by a high domestic birth rate: 70,000 in 1836, 124,000 in 1857, 197,000 in 1884. The Maritimes have a truly old stock Canadian culture because they were created by Euro-Canadian settlers, mainly from the British Isles, who had big families from which much of today’s populations are still descended.

The Loyalist pioneers and other Euro-Canadian settlers built Ontario and the Maritime provinces, cutting roads through impenetrable wilderness, building cabins, and clearing thick forests to establish farms. This incredibly hard work required a new cooperative phenomenon known as “bees” in which neighbours gathered together to build houses, raise barns, and make quilts. They set up city halls, mechanics’ institutes, theatres, Temperance Societies, public libraries, debating societies, agricultural associations, schools and colleges, circuses, literary societies, sports and interclub games, and brass bands. They created a new society, European Canada, from the ground up:

“That Europeans had created the landscape there could be no doubt – the architectural forms, for example, were entirely of European origin. But although components of it existed in the British Isles, the human landscape of Southern Ontario could not be found anywhere in Europe.”

Canada Before Confederation: A Study in Historical Geography

The Prairies and British Columbia: Euro-Canadians go West

Postcard 9650: Bloom Bros, New settlers, their first shack ...
After Confederation, European settlers headed West to create homesteads, often in pioneer wagons.

“Our fair Dominion now extends
From Cape Race to Nootka Sound;
May peace forever be our lot,
And plenteous store abound”

– Excerpt from The Maple Leaf Forever, Canada’s de facto anthem until 1960

From 1850 until Confederation, there was relatively little immigration to Canada. After 1867, the federal government tried hard to attract immigrants to settle the Western prairies, presuming that the quickly growing United States would seize these lands otherwise. These efforts started to yield some success in the period from 1896 to 1914, with about two-and-a-half million people arriving. The number of Canadians with a European ethnicity other than English or French increased, but the white homogeneity of the country also increased. Germans, making up 6% of the population, were the largest proportion of other Europeans. By 1921, after this wave, only 15% of Canada’s population was non-British and non-French.

Ethnic groups previously unseen in Canada arrived during this period, including Ukrainians, Poles, Scandinavians, Jews, Italians, and Hungarians. While the Canadian multicultural academic and political establishment claims that this means that Canada was founded by diverse immigrants, the reality is much different. Even the 1896-1914 immigrants were mostly from the British Isles or ethnic British from America. Insofar as there was ethnic and cultural diversity on the prairies, it consisted mainly of intra-European diversity between Eastern European, German, and British Isles settlers. These prairie settlers were subjected to strong assimilation policies and many of their descendants are indistinguishable from other old stock Canadians. In fact, all the other European groups arriving during this time, even the Italians and Jews who formed their own neighbourhoods in the Eastern cities, were subject to assimilation policies by a federal government seeking to create a homogenous culture based on British Canadian customs and the English language.

Far from being exploitative racists, as students are taught today, the settlers who created the prairie provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta had to work remarkably hard to establish themselves in a forbidding environment. With very little help from the government, they had to rely on each other. Communities formed, usually around the railway stations, and social life and mutual aid developed, centred around churches and one-room schools. During times of hardship such as sickness and childbirth, the settlers provided for each other. Tough, resilient, agrarian societies depended on the wheat crop to survive until the discovery of potash and oil. The prairie year started with the late spring sowing and continued with a summer of hard work in the fields. Every autumn, the wheat was harvested, with threshing teams harvesting and farmers driving wagons filled with grain to the grain elevators in the towns. The long, cold winters contributed to the formation of a breed of thoughtful individualists. Many and varied revivalist religious groups developed, along with a populist, radical strain of politics.

Mountainous British Columbia, the West beyond the West, provided less opportunity for the vast wheat fields of the prairies. Largely British settlers came to the Gulf Islands and Vancouver Island and created farms in the windswept coastal wilderness. They built the city of Victoria, whose architecture gives the city an English spirit to this day. In the interior, settlers created ranches in the Cariboo and Chilcotin regions, building endless miles of wooden fences and patrolling their land on horseback. Gold mining, logging, and fisheries were major sources of prosperity for this young province. What British Columbia lacked in arable land, the settlers made up for in ingenuity, creating the intensively specialized agricultural regions of the fruit and wine producing Okanagan valley and the dairy farming Fraser valley.

White Canada Forever: Canada’s immigration policy from Confederation-1960s

Why did Canada become more populous and economically ...
Canadians had a strong sense of Christian European identity until Pierre Trudeau’s imposition of multiculturalism.

Harbouring no ill-feeling towards non-European lands, the Canadian government and people were nevertheless of one accord that Canada should remain a European country forever – as it had been since the foundation of New France, Upper Canada and the Maritime provinces, the Western provinces, and the Northern territories. The 1910 Immigration Act gave Cabinet the right to prohibit immigrants “belonging to any race deemed unsuitable to the climate and requirements of Canada or immigrants of any specified class, occupation, or character”. The Immigration Act Amendment of 1919 prohibited immigrants with “peculiar customs, habits, modes of life and methods of holding property”.

The Chinese Immigration Act of 1923 effectively prohibited all Chinese immigration. The Immigration Act of 1952 was a significant departure from previous immigration policy insofar as it made no mention of race, but it still gave the government the right to refuse entry to immigrants based on nationality, ethnicity, or peculiar customs. Throughout this time, it is important to remember, Canada was a classically liberal society. Classical liberal values are fully in accordance with maintaining the ethnic homogeneity of a country. Indeed, even while Canadian troops fought Nazi Germany, we proudly maintained our White Canada Forever immigration policy. It’s worth quoting a few eminent past politicians on this subject:

“Canada is perfectly within her rights in selecting the persons whom we regard as desirable future citizens […] There will, I am sure, be general agreement with the view that the people of Canada do not wish, as a result of mass immigration, to make a fundamental alteration in the character of our population. Large-scale immigration from the Orient would change the fundamental composition of the Canadian population.“ – Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King, 1947

 “Very simply…what we face in British Columbia is this – whether or not the civilization which finds its highest exemplification in the Anglo-Saxon British rule, shall or shall not prevail in the Dominion of Canada. … I have no ill-feeling against people coming from Asia personally, but I reaffirm that the national life of Canada will not permit any large degree of immigration from Asia. … I intend to stand up absolutely on all occasions on this one great principle – of a white country and a white British Columbia” – H.H Stevens, 1914

Recommended reading on Canadian History

As you can see, Canadian history has been so thoroughly misrepresented in the last decades that we as Canadians will need to disentangle ourselves from the lies we have been told and learn about our country’s true history. Here is a list of recommended reading; you will find that our true history is more interesting than the diverse history that is taught today.