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Canadian Maritimes: Still So White, Immigration 1815-1867/Today

The “Atlantic provinces” include the four smallest provinces of Canada: Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, and Newfoundland. Barely anyone outside Canada knows a thing about these provinces. Perhaps they should start paying attention, for, as the rest of the European world turns brown, these lands may well stand out as the Whitest in the world. The elites have targeted them for mass immigration, but thus far relatively few non-Whites have arrived.

According to the Canada 2006 census, Prince Edward Island (PEI) is 97.4 percent White. The total non-Aboriginal visible minority population is 1.4 percent. The Aboriginal population is 1.3 percent. The largest ethnic groups, according to a 2011 National Survey, are of “British Isles origins” (Scottish, English, and Irish), followed by French and then European origins.

The same 2006 census informs us that Nova Scotia is 93.2 percent White. This racial situation has remained almost the same according to a 2011 census: the population grew by only 0.9 percent, and 91.8% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 3.4% reported French only, and 4.1% only reported a non-official language.

New Brunswick is 95.7 White. The total Aboriginal population is 2.5 percent, and the total visible minority is 1.9 percent. The situation in this province, where I have lived for the past 21 years, has barely changed in racial composition since these numbers were collected in the 2006 census. If we go by mother tongue, the 2011 Canadian census showed a population in which the most commonly reported mother tongues were English (65.58%) and French (31.98%).

Newfoundland (and Labrador) is 94.2 White. The total Aboriginal population is 4.7 percent, and the visible minority population is 1.1 percent. This situation has barely changed since the 2006 census.

So, given these White facts in the Maritimes, how is it possible for current historians of Canada to claim that this region was created by ethnically heterogeneous immigrants since the early 1600s through the next centuries until the present? Answer: By manipulating words, employing deceptive images, and misusing the evidence.

Nova Scotia

We saw in an earlier article that the Acadians were the original founders of Nova Scotia, a people born in the soil of Nova Scotia through their love of big families. We saw that before their expulsion in the mid 1750s they constituted the majority of the population.

In 1767, when a detailed census was taken, after the arrival of some 1500 Germans in 1749-50, some 2500 British Americans in 1749, and about 7000 to 8000 New England “Planters” between 1758 and 1762, the ethnic composition of the part that became Nova Scotia proper in 1784 (leaving aside the relatively few inhabitants of the part that became New Brunswick, though including the population of Cape Breton, which for some years was identified as separate from Nova Scotia), was English (756), Irish (2000), Scottish (149), American (5968), German (1883), and Acadian (921).

J.M. Bumsted uses these numbers as a demonstration that Nova Scotia was racially diverse early on in its history, ignoring the fact that Acadians were the ones who founded the province and that all these immigrants were White (A History of the Canadian Peoples, p. 86).

Thousands of Loyalists come to Nova Scotia in the early 1780s, but most of them settled in the part that became New Brunswick in 1784. Many of the Acadians who returned from exile also settled in New Brunswick. After 1815, immigration to Nova Scotia picked up, with 40,000 Scots arriving between 1815 and 1838, though some of these moved to PEI. Together with the 1500 blacks who came as “Loyalists” in the early 1780s, a few more thousand blacks arrived between 1815 and 1867.

Eurocanadians installing the tram tracks on Gottingen Street at Cogswell, NS, ca. 1891
Eurocanadians installing the tram tracks on Gottingen Street at Cogswell, NS, ca. 1891

The population of NS was 68,000 in 1806, increasing to 120,000 in 1825, to 168,000 in 1831, to 277.000 in 1851, and to 331,000 in 1861. Clearly, while 40,000 Scots is a high number, the population growth of NS was mainly driven by the domestic fertility rate. The historian, J.M.S. Careless, writing before Canada came to be fully controlled by deceivers, had it right when he observed, in Canada, A Story of Challenge (1959), that “there was not much immigration to” Nova Scotia, and indeed to the Maritime provinces at large, after the Loyalist wave (p. 122). He meant relatively speaking, of course, compared to the steadily increasing size of the population.

Yet the widely used text, Origins: Canadian History to Confederation, in describing immigration patterns to the Maritimes between 1815 and 1867, offers separate sections with the headings “The English and Welsh”, “The Acadians”, “The Scots”, “The Irish”. “The Blacks”, and “The First Nations” — to create an image of racial immigrant diversity (pp. 388-393). The section on “The English and Welsh” is the shortest; the sections on “The Blacks” and “First Nations” are the longest.

But when we look at the proportions of these groups relative to the total population for the year 1871, in the case of NS (though the same applies to the other Maritime provinces as we will see below), we find that the First Nations constituted a meagre 0.4%, and the blacks only 1.6%. The rest were all Whites, most of them born in Nova Scotia, and most of the “immigrant” ancestors consisting of internal migrants who had moved from one region of British North America to another (the New England Planters and Loyalists), or from the British Isles to British Nova Scotia.

Yet, despite these facts, without any sense of historical veracity, the Canadian Museum of Immigration announces to millions of visitors in its website that Nova Scotia has been a province of people of “African descent” “for over 300 years” no less than people of European descent.

New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island

When NB was partitioned from NS in 1784, the population essentially consisted of the Acadians who had moved to this former region of NS after their expulsion, and of Loyalists, most of whom had settled in what became NB in 1784. In 1806, the population of NB was 35,000. It can be safely stated that this population consisted of the founding people of this province, the native born Acadians, and the Loyalist internal migrants, who had been native to the British Empire in the American colonies.

This population increased to 94,000 in 1831, and to 194,000 in 1851. The big wave of immigration to NB occurred between 1842 and 1848 when 38,000 Irish arrived. These Irish immigrants, together with the native born Anglo-French inhabitants, accounted for the demographic patterns of NB. In 1871, the Irish became the major ethnic group, 35.3%, followed by the English (many of these likely the descendants of the Loyalists) at 29.2%, the French Acadians at 15,7%, and the Scots at 14.3. The Amerindians made up only 0.3% and the blacks 0.6%.

The claim that NB’s heritage has been one of multiple immigrant races does not hold an ounce of water.

Tiny PEI had a non-White population of 1 percent in 1871 consisting of Aboriginals. The rest were all Whites, Scots, English, Irish, and Acadians.


The village of Epworth, Newfoundland, on Placentia Bay, during the 1920s
The village of Epworth, Newfoundland, on Placentia Bay, during the 1920s

Through the first half of the 1600s a number of unsuccessful attempts at permanent settlements were made by the British, and it was only by 1650 that Newfoundland contained about 500 English residents, rising to some 2000 by 1680. There was a French settlement as well with a population of about 900, but these were killed and imprisoned by the British in 1697.

In 1730, the permanent residents amounted to 2300, growing to 20,000 by 1800, and to 40,000 by 1830. The initial English settlers, and then Irish immigrants, played a significant role in this demographic growth. In the 1720s and 1730s, a few thousand Irish immigrants arrived. During the 1770s, the Irish residents numbered between 3,000 and 4,000. By 1815, 19,000 of the residents were Irish immigrants and their descendants.

However, an extensively documented study, A Reader’s Guide to the History of Newfoundland and Labrador to 1869, by Olaf U. Janzen, observes that

Ironically, significant migration to Newfoundland from the British Isles came to an end just as the “Great Migration” to British North America began. By the late 1830s, patterns of population distribution in Newfoundland had therefore become fixed, and growth thereafter was derived largely through natural increase.

The growth based on “natural increase” was substantial: by 1836, the total population numbered 70,000; by 1857, 124,000; by 1869, 147,000; and by 1884, 197,000.

Newfoundland was not only a racially homogeneous province of English and Irish, but its population of 197,000 in 1884 was mostly native born.


Google the words “immigration in New Brunswick”, or in NS, Newfoundland, or PEI, and multiple links will come up, official documents from the government, all committed to the diversification of these provinces. Here is the Statement of Mandate, 2014-2015 from the “Nova Scotia Office of Immigration”. It is all about attracting “greater numbers of immigrants each year”, making “them welcome”, contributing “to their success” and seeing “the benefits of immigration spread among all of our communities”.

It is pervasive, the obsession with promoting diversity in the Maritimes. Document after document, discussion papers, with networks and partnerships across Canada and the world, at every level of the government, municipal, provincial, federal, doing everything they can to persuade the public that immigration is part of the “DNA of Maritimers” and that Africans, Muslims, and Asians have always been a part of our history. The list of institutions, universities, agencies, corporations determined to bring about a radical alteration in the ethno-cultural heritage of this region is endless: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council, Citizenship and Immigration Canada, Canadian Heritage, Human Resources and Social Development Canada, Public Safety Canada, Public Health Agency of Canada, Royal Canadian Mounted Police, Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, Statistics Canada, Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency, Canada Economic Development for Quebec Regions, Canada Border Services Agency and the Rural Secretariat of Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada.

This is why they are rewriting our history, erasing the accomplishments of Whites and deceiving students into believing that diverse races were responsible for the creation of the Maritimes and that only discrimination and “White racism” have stood in the way of acknowledging this supposed diversity.

Don’t believe them. The establishment, from the historians to the museums to the politicians, are all engaged in a campaign of deception in order to legitimise the dispossession of Whites!


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